The rapidly increasing water demand in the Middle Eastern
and North African (MENA) countries is causing great concern
in view of the arid climate in the area.
Water is expected to
become even more scarce in the future due to global
There is a shortage of fresh water, in contrast to
large resources of brackish water or seawater. At the same
time, remote rural areas are often not connected to the
electricity grid, so that they lack reliable energy supply,
which is required for water treatment.